Different Synthetic Food Colours and Their Importance in Food Industry

Written by Administrator.

As far as the food is concerned, colour has become an integral part in the minds of people. Although Natural food colours are available, Synthetic food colours are leading in terms of usage because they are highly customizable, easily manufactured and readily available in the market. Synthetic food colours are mostly applicable in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries.

Synthetic Food Colours can be categorized into three different sections:

Primary Food Colours: This type of food colours are water soluble and exhibits colouring power when dissolved. It has a high utilitarian value & vastly used in drinks. Primary Food Color includes colours like Quinoline Yellow, Carmoisine, Tartrazine, and Erythrosine.

Blended Food Colours: Blended Food Colours give a different look to the product because they are obtained by mixing different primary and secondary colours. This type includes food colours such as Egg Yellow Blended Colours, Dark Chocolate Blended Colours, Apple Green Blended Colours, and Coffee Brown Blended Colours.

Lake Food Colours: Lake Food Colours are bright and consistent; and are used where dyes are not suitable due to their solubility in water. They are mostly used in industries like pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and plastic food containers. Colours that fall under the category of Lake Food Colours include Lake Quinoline Yellow, Lake Tartrazine, Lake Sunset Yellow FCF, and Lake Erythrosine Colours.

Synthitic Food Colors

Some of the commonly used food colours are as follows:

Tartrazine: Tartrazine is light orange in colour and falls in Primary type food colour. It is odourless and its physical properties show that it is in form of solid, fine, powdered granules. Its water solubility makes it useful in varieties of food including desserts and candies, soft drinks, condiments, and breakfast cereals.

Erythrosine: Erythrosine is commonly used in candies, popsicles, and cake-decorating gels. Erythrosine is also water soluble which makes it useful in making dyes. It gives a pink to reddish pink shades when applied. It acts as strong reducing agents as well as decolorizing agents.

Sunset Yellow: Sunset Yellow gives yellow shade to the product and has a great value in Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics, Cereals, Beverages and other industries. Sunset Yellow colour when mixed with E123, amaranth, produces a brown colouring. This mixture is used in colouring both caramel and chocolates.

Allura Red: Allura Red is scientifically classified as ‘Genotoxic’. Globally, there is a high demand for this colour. It is generally used in products that include sweets, candies, ice-creams, yoghurt, and beverages. It is always used in children medication to give an attractive look.

Brilliant Blue Colour: It is generally mixed with Tartrazine in order to obtain various pigments of green. It appears in reddish blue powder and is most commonly used in sectors of food industries that include ice-cream, blue coloured dairy food, sweet and many beverages.

Saujanya Exports offers a wide range of food colours that has application in various industries such as pharmaceutical, cosmetics, paints and food industries. Saujanya Exports is a leading manufacturer and exporter of pigments, plastic/textile dyes/dyestuff, natural/synthetic food colours and chemical intermediates. We have a workforce that is dedicated to provide quality products and 100% customer satisfaction.


Contact Details

B1-1401 to 1406, Palladium Building,
80 Ft. Corporate Road, 
Opp. Vodafone House
Prahlad Nagar
Ahmedabad 380015, Gujarat, INDIA 
Phone: +91-79-29702047
Fax: +91-79-29702047
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Skype: saujanyaexports1